Monday, April 7, 2008

1913 Society (1)

1913. The Seventeenth Amendment, ratified April 8, provides for direct election of U.S. senators.

1913. A U.S. Department of Labor is created by the new Wilson administration in response to demands by the AF of L which now has 2 million members.

1913. The IWW takes Paterson, NJ, silk workers out on 5-month strike to protest installation of improved machinery.

1913. U.S. suffragettes march 5,000 strong down Washington's Pennsylvania Avenue, March 3, following Alice Paulo, who founds the National Woman's Party to spearhead the movement for woman's suffrage. Crowds of angry, jeering men slap the demonstrators, spit at them, and poke them with lighted cigars, a brawl stops the march before it can reach the White House.

1913. English suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst draws a 3-year jail sentence, April 3, for arson (she has incited her supporters to place explosives in the house of the Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George) but will serve only one year and devote part of it to a hunger strike.

To be continued.

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