Tuesday, April 15, 2008

1913 Society (4)

1913. The first U.S. crossword puzzle appears December 21 in the weekend supplement of the New York World.

1913. Films: Cecil B. DeMille's The Squaw Man with Dustin Farnum in the first full-length feature to be filmed at Hollywood. The Perils of Pauline whose cliff-hanger films are designed to bring audiences back each week.

1913. Charlie Chaplin signs a $150 per week contract with movie maker Mack Sennett.

1913. Popular songs: "Peg O' My Heart"; "You Made Me Love You"; "Ballin' the Jack"; "Now is the Hour," Maori Farewell Song; "That Old Rugged Cross."

1913. Knute Rockne revolutionizes football by making brilliant use of the forward pass to defeat an Army eleven and change the course of the game. Captain of the Notre Dame varsity, he receives 17 of 21 passes thrown by Charles "Gus" Dorais, gains 243 yards, and Notre Dame beats Army 35 to 13.

1913. "Trees" by New York Times Book Review editor and poet Alfred Joyce Kilmer, 27. appears in the August issue of Poetry magazine and wins worldwide acclaim. "I think that I shall never see, a poem lovely as a tree."

1913. The Los Angeles Owens River aqueduct opens November 5, bringing in at least 260 million gallons of water per day from the Sierras via 234 miles of gravity-powered pipeline and ditch. Permits irrigation of the San Fernando Valley and makes L.S. a boom town.

1913. Rabbits fed large amounts of cholesterol and animal fats are shown to develop hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) by Russian pathologist Nikolai Anichkov.

1913. Peppermint Life Savers are introduced by Cleveland, Ohio, chocolate manufacturer Clarence Crane as a summer item to sell when chocolate sales decline.

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